The chemical in chillies, capsaicin, is technically a neurotoxin. It stimulates the adrenal glands to release hormones, giving you an energy rush. This is one of the reasons we we’re hooked on them.
Below are some of the main Chilli varieties:
- Bells –These are identical to the sweet bell capsicum except they are mildly hot.
- Birdseye – Heat level may be in the range of 30,000-50,000 Scoville units, making them very hot.
- Cayenne – Heat level varies with variety but is usually in the range of 5000-25,000 Scoville units, making them medium heat.
- Habanero – The Habanero is blistering hot. Fruit has a thin flesh and and a shape similar to a Scotch bonnet or Christmas bell decoration.
- Jalapeno – Heat level varies widely with different varieties from very mild to medium heat (1000-15,000 Scoville units).
Read more: DAF
Note: The Scoville unit is a measurement of the pungency (spicy heat) of chili peppers. It ranges from zero to millions. Higher score shows higher pungency level.
“A good spicy challenge strikes a balance between flavour and fear.” Adam Richman